The Right to Perform Music at Washington Square Park – April 1961 Folk Riot and Now

new york mirror beatnik folk riot mass arrests greenwich village
That day, Arch in background
That day 1961, Arch in background

The Folk Riot at Washington Square Park – sometimes referred to as the Beatnik Riot – occurred on Sunday, April 9th, 1961 after the Parks Department of that time suppressed performance at the park, musicians fought back, a protest ensued on that date. The police were heavy handed and mass arrests took place resulting in widespread media coverage and further mobilization of the community.

Sunday was the big day for “the folkies” to meet up. In fact, the famous 17 minute film by Dan Drasin about the folk riot is simply named “Sunday.”
new york mirror beatnik folk riot mass arrests greenwich village
The day that it was clear the folk singers had won the right to reclaim the space was two weeks later on Sunday, April 23rd.

Four years ago, a 50th anniversary event was planned but it unravelled due to a dispute between the organizer and Izzy Young, a key figure of the day, who was scheduled to come to NYC for the event from Sweden.

The Performance Crackdown under the Bloomberg Administration

Around the time of the 50th Anniversary, Mayor Michael Bloomberg issued a letter commemorating the importance of the Folk Riot. Yet shortly thereafter, the Parks Department began instituting a new performance crackdown at Washington Square Park.

At the time, Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe said, “If Bob Dylan wanted to come play there tomorrow, he could … although he might have to move away from the fountain.”

In 2012, this policy was quietly reversed. Two years later, it was still being discussed, yet, the Parks Department would not commit to their reversal of position in writing.

coyote and crow music washington square park
Sunday April 26 Washington Square Park 2015

Present Day: New Signs Limiting Performance at Night Go Up

Musicians are allowed to perform at Washington Square Park. However, the volume of some music at the park, viewed as either too loud in decibels or attributed to intense drumming, has been brought up by park users.

Last summer, a Community Board 2 Parks Committee meeting was ambiguously announced as addressing “operational issues” at Washington Square Park. In reality, this meeting was about “noise” – which is how they describe the music -, skateboarding and “closures” at the park. Due to the camouflaged agenda item, the public was never properly notified and there was no substantive community input.

This is in sharp contrast to how the Community Board proceeded under Chair Brad Hoylman in 2011 when they convened a Washington Square Park Speak-Out, a public forum to discuss the performance crackdown at that time. Whether the current issue needed a public forum, perhaps not, but some advertising of the fact that the community was being invited to discuss this at a meeting and proper notification would be appropriate.

Following the committee meeting, in July of 2014, the full Community Board passed a vague resolution directed to the Parks Department. CB2 Board member Carter Booth summed it up well stating, “We as a Board have existing resolutions for the park not to have gates and to also allow musicians to perform. I think we have to be very careful how we request this [so they understand] it is not a line in the sand. It is a very grey area.” He encouraged to ask Parks Department for feedback and other approaches and come back to the Board.

At the last two monthly meetings of the Parks Committee, the music at Washington Square Park has been discussed (although not publicly announced on the agenda). Earlier this month, Sarah Neilson, Washington Square Park Administrator, stated that the PEP (Parks Enforcement Patrol) officers were being trained to use decibel meters and this would be in place shortly. She also said to make any real change in the rules, there would have to be a resolution by the Community Board which was also signed on to by elected officials in the area.

Recently, new signs went up around the park:

washington-square-park-new-signs-no music after 10 p.m.
Washington Square Park New Signs No Music after 10 p.m.

The Threat of a Slippery Slope: What People Actually Wanted to See Happen

The general consensus of people concerned about the volume of the music was not to make the park shut down earlier. It was to enforce monitoring of the music levels. There was no discussion of the signs and the implications of them before they went up. This is the problem when the Parks Committee tells the rest of their Board and the public that something is coming back for their review but leaves that language out of their actual resolution to the Parks Department.

That being said, it is very possible the signs were in the works when Sarah Neilson and Manhattan Parks Chief of Staff Steve Simon came before the CB2 Parks Committee earlier this month yet omitted mentioning them.

folk riot washington square park
Folk Riot Washington Square

To go back some 54 years, Janos NYC recently wrote a nice overview of the 1961 Folk Riot

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